Pollution has no borders. This popular 70's saying from early ecologists is surprisingly still true nowadays despite overwhelming scientific evidence and public awareness of the occurrence of artificial toxic substances in water, food, air, living organisms and the environment. This book presents advanced reviews on pollutant occurrence, transfer, toxicity and remediation. The chapter on school air quality by Dambruoso et al. highlights the overlooked health issue of airborne pollutants in buildings. Children are particularly threatened because they spend 90% of their time indoors, even in summer. The chapter on industrial wastewater pollutants by Dsikowitzky and Schwarzbauer reviews pollutants from textile, petrochemical, paper, tire, chemical and pharmaceutical plants. The authors describe advanced analytical methods and ecotoxicity tests. Industrial pollutants include dioxins and furans that are also reviewed in the chapter by Mudhoo et al. The chapter on fly ash by Gianoncelli et al. presents many techniques to treat fly ash and, in turn, decrease pollutant concentrations. The authors also explain that fly ash can be recycled in agriculture, buildings and geopolymers. The chapter on antifouling paints used for ship protection, by Sousa et al., highlights the occurrence of toxic organotins in human organs such as heart, liver and breast milk. The chapter on surfactants by Rebello et al. focuses on safety concerns for humans and the ecosystems. Remediation techniques and green surfactants are presented. The chapters on toxic metals by Nava-Ruiz and Mendez-Armenta, Abarikwu and Ristic et al. describe sources, monitoring and diseases induced by lead, mercury, cadmium and thallium. The chapter on carcinogenic nitrosamines by Li et al. presents techniques and materials such as zeolites to remediate liquids and smoke containing nitrosamines.
The Economic Feasibility of Recycling: A Case Study of Plastic Wastes is the first book to provide a general overview of the major issues at the heart of the recycle/disposal question. Analyzing in nontechnical language the incentives for and barriers to recycling, this new work examines a broad range of topics, including: the various recycle processes, how the various disposal methods affect the environment, what role the public and private sectors play in the decision-making process.
"Rise of Environmental Consciousness: Voices in Pursuit of a Sustainable Planet provides diverse perspectives on the environment and our relationship to it. It presents the voices of Native Americans, religious texts, the work of scholars, intellectuals, and more to educate readers about the development of environmental consciousness across time and around the globe. The readings are organized into five groupings. "Native Voices" explores indigenous perspectives on nature. "Spiritual Voices" examines how religion influences ways in which people interact with the natural environment. "Voices from Early American Environmental Movements" contrasts Transcendentalist's view of the divine in humans and nature with that of those who favored expansion while discounting its costs. "Voices from Scientists, Scholars, and Intellectuals" confronts the inherent conflict between development and the natural world. "Global Voices" explores issues such as water quality and sustainable development. Featuring diverse selections such as the Bible, the works of Thoreau and Emerson, stories from the Iroquois and Cherokee nations, and the Nobel Laureate acceptance speech of Green Belt Movement founder Wangari Maathai, Rise of Environmental Consciousness is ideal for courses in environmental sociology or environmental science. Dr. Beth S. Caniglia is associate professor of sociology at Oklahoma State University where her research focuses on social movements, organizations, and policy-making related to the environmental movement. Dr. Thomas J. Burns is professor in the Department of Sociology and active in the Religious Studies and Environmental Studies Programs at the University of Oklahoma. His research focuses on issues related to religion and other institutions, and ecological sustainability. Rachel M. Gurney is a Ph.D. candidate at Oklahoma State University. She is particularly interested in social factors influencing wildlife conservation and management. Erik L. Bond is a Ph.D. candidate in sociology at the University of Oklahoma, where his research interests include globalization and environmental sociology."
From leftover food to packaging materials to outdated or broken technology, humans produce an enormous amount of waste. Readers will find out how some of todays top innovators are working to find new recycling methods and cut down on the amount of trash the ends up in landfills. They will also learn how recycling has grown in popularity over time and find out what kinds of careers are involved in this rapidly growing industry.
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