Pollution has no borders. This popular 70's saying from early ecologists is surprisingly still true nowadays despite overwhelming scientific evidence and public awareness of the occurrence of artificial toxic substances in water, food, air, living organisms and the environment. This book presents advanced reviews on pollutant occurrence, transfer, toxicity and remediation. The chapter on school air quality by Dambruoso et al. highlights the overlooked health issue of airborne pollutants in buildings. Children are particularly threatened because they spend 90% of their time indoors, even in summer. The chapter on industrial wastewater pollutants by Dsikowitzky and Schwarzbauer reviews pollutants from textile, petrochemical, paper, tire, chemical and pharmaceutical plants. The authors describe advanced analytical methods and ecotoxicity tests. Industrial pollutants include dioxins and furans that are also reviewed in the chapter by Mudhoo et al. The chapter on fly ash by Gianoncelli et al. presents many techniques to treat fly ash and, in turn, decrease pollutant concentrations. The authors also explain that fly ash can be recycled in agriculture, buildings and geopolymers. The chapter on antifouling paints used for ship protection, by Sousa et al., highlights the occurrence of toxic organotins in human organs such as heart, liver and breast milk. The chapter on surfactants by Rebello et al. focuses on safety concerns for humans and the ecosystems. Remediation techniques and green surfactants are presented. The chapters on toxic metals by Nava-Ruiz and Mendez-Armenta, Abarikwu and Ristic et al. describe sources, monitoring and diseases induced by lead, mercury, cadmium and thallium. The chapter on carcinogenic nitrosamines by Li et al. presents techniques and materials such as zeolites to remediate liquids and smoke containing nitrosamines.
Create A Beautiful Handbag With Your Own Two Hands There are different kinds of handbags out there. Even though there are many commercial brands that sell handbags, the demand for unique designs in handbags are difficult to overcome. Most women are on the lookout for something new and novel that they can reach for. Even with the number of fashion brands whose handbags sell for millions, a novelty, handmade handbag would still have considerable market value among women customers. There are fairs and exhibitions held where individual handbag and accessories designers sell their wares. If you have a fetish for designing fashion accessories, you could try your hand at making handmade handbags even. Those who are into fashion designing will have the necessary skills to make handmade handbags. The skills required to make fabric based handbags and other fashion accessories are similar. Thus, fashion designers often extend their line of products by including handmade or their exclusively designed handbags as well. Among the different ideas that exist for handmade handbags, you could try your hand at handmade silk evening bags. Such dainty clutches or fabric bags can be of a myriad range of shapes, design and hence, you could allow your creativity to run wild when making handmade handbags.
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